The EU harvested 6.5 million tons of oranges in 2018
Apart from Spain, the other main orange producing countries were Italy (1.6 million tonnes, or 24% of the EU total) and Greece (0.9 million tonnes, or 14% of the EU total).
According to Eurostat, in 2018, European Union Member States achieved the highest level of oranges production since 2010 and was supported by the record harvest in Spain (3.6 million tons of oranges, or 56 percent of the total).
Almost 274 000 hectares (ha) of citrus were cultivated in 2018, with just over one half of this total area being in Spain (140 000 ha). Italy had the next highest area given over to the production of oranges (83 000 ha, 30% of EU total), followed by Greece (32 000 ha, 12% of EU total).
Almost 2.7 million tonnes, with a value of €1.9 billion, were exported by Member States in 2018. The vast majority of these exports (2.3 million tonnes, or 88% of the total) were traded between Member States (so-called intra-EU trade).
Among EU Member States, Spain exported the most oranges to non-EU countries (161 000 tonnes, or 51% of the extra-EU exports).
The EU imported 1.1 million tonnes of oranges, to the value of € 0.7 billion, from non-EU countries in 2018. About three quarters of these imports came from either South Africa (465 000 tonnes, or 43% of the total extra-EU imports of oranges in 2018) or Egypt (328 000 tonnes, 30%).
Most of the rest of the EU’s imports of citrus came from Morocco (89 000 tonnes, 8%), Argentina (44 000 tonnes, 4%), Zimbabwe (39 000 tonnes, almost 4%), Turkey (29 000 tonnes, 3%) and Uruguay (27 000 tonnes, 2%).